China considers air defense zone after losing South China Sea court ruling

"The ADIZ is not a Chinese invention, but rather that of some big powers".

Duterte's remarks came after a UN-backed worldwide tribunal on Tuesday ruled against China's claim to most of the South China Sea in what is widely seen as a diplomatic victory for the Philippines.

To further discuss the South China Sea arbitration results, CCTV America's Elaine Reyes spoke with Brendan Mulvaney, senior non-resident fellow of Chongyang Institute for Financial Studies at Renmin University of China. He referred to the rumors of a zone as a foreign "invention", however.

In the past, the USA was accused of escalating tensions in the South China Sea by conducting "freedom of navigation" naval operations, forging alliances with countries with competing claims on the area and being selective with the implementation of worldwide law. He was referring to the U.S. and several European countries that want China to uphold the verdict.

"It will certainly intensify conflicts and even confrontation", he said in Washington on Tuesday.

The Philippines had initially refrained from asking China to abide by the ruling, following Mr Duterte's directive to achieve a "soft landing" with China. China justifies its sovereignty claims by saying it was the first to have discovered, named and exploited the sea, and outlines its claims for most of the waterway using a vague map made up of nine dashes that emerged in the 1940s.

The summit will see 53 leaders from Asia and Europe attending, including from countries such as Vietnam and Malaysia which also claim territory in the region.

In one of the world's most disputed waters, the puny Philippine navy doesn't stand a chance against China's flotilla of combat ships.

As the tension ratchets up over China's claims to the South China Sea, rejected by the global court in the Hague on Tuesday, the United States is employing hushed diplomacy behind closed doors in order to try and defuse the situation, Reuters reports.

That statement had expressed alarm over Beijing's activities in the South China Sea and the fiasco highlighted the bloc's inability to maintain a united front against Chinese expansionism.

Beijing's fury was evident from remarks by Foreign Minister Wang Yi, who immediately mocked the arbitration as a "political farce staged under legal pretext" and reaffirmed its staunch position of "non-acceptance and non-recognition" of the ruling.

It is the strongest statement yet from the Philippines on the ruling.

But US officials warned that Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte remains "somewhat of an unknown quantity", according to Reuters.

"Let's be magnanimous in victory". "In very delicate matters like this you can not be provocative in statements".

He is open to direct talks with China aimed at achieving a long-awaited code of conduct among rival claimants for the sea. China has long wanted to negotiate directly.

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