Australia is failing to improve indigenous lives, report shows

Close the gap in life expectancy by 2031 is also falling short, though between 1998 and 2015 Indigenous mortality rate declined by 15%.

"At a local level I think the two targets of health and education are advancing and as they grow with momentum they should pull the other targets to an acceptable outcome" he said.

Progress: Although indigenous child mortality declined by 33% between 1998 and 2015, there has been no significant decrease since 2008.

"There was an agreed view that the body must not be appointed or handpicked by government", a report on the meeting by the Referendum Council said.

Indigenous children in abusive or neglectful situations were kept there longer than non-indigenous children would be, he said. However, the Indigenous mortality rate from cancer (the second leading cause of death) is rising and the gap is widening.

To ensure access to early childhood education for all indigenous four year olds in remote communities by 2025.

There were significant improvements in Year 3 and 5 reading and Year 5 and 9 numeracy.

In terms of closing the gap in school attendance, the report found progress will need to accelerate for this target to be met.

Progress: The number of school attendees has not improved since 2014, at 83.4% compared with 93.1% for non-indigenous students.

"Being an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australian means to succeed, to achieve".

Halve the gap in reading, writing and numeracy by 2018. Nevertheless, Indigenous students were fulfilling just one of the eight literacy and numeracy targets, according to the report.

On the other hand, the report says more than 61 per cent of the indigenous population, aged between 20 and 24 years has completed secondary education. Over the same period, the rates for non-Indigenous attainment did not change significantly.

Halve the gap for year 12 or equivalent attainment rates by 2020.

The Government's target to halve Indigenous unemployment by 2018 will not be met, but the Prime Minister said it would be re-evaluated in partnership with Aboriginal organisations.

Progress: Employment rates for indigenous Australians have gone backwards since 2008. "This will not lessen our resolve or diminish our efforts, even when some problems seem intractable and targets elusive".

Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders make up just three percent of Australia's population of 23 million people but have disproportionately high rates of suicide and incarceration, tracking near the bottom in nearly every economic and social indicator.

The ninth Close the Gap report, handed down by Turnbull on Tuesday, showed the targets concerning health, education and employment have not experienced growth.

National Congress of Australia's First People co-chair Rod Little said it was time to "draw a line in the sand".

Calls for early intervention: Former prime minister Kevin Rudd has backed a justice target.

"We are also reminded of the fragility of life and the heavy burden of families, communities and governments", he said.

The statement, which was supported by more than 30 major mainstream organisations including the Australian Medical Association and Law Council, called for changes through structured engagement with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Speaking to the House of Representatives, Turnbull said there must be a rigorous evaluation of programs to determine what was working and what wasn't.

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