United States President Donald Trump has directed federal agencies to review a visa programme used by companies to hire highly skilled foreign workers in the country. The executive order will make reforms to raise the bar for foreign workers and will select only highly-skilled applicants.
The Order also targets the abusive use of waivers and exceptions that undermine "Buy American" laws meant to promote taxpayer money going to American companies. As he nears the 100-day benchmark of his presidency, Trump has no major legislative achievements to tout but has used executive orders to seek regulatory changes to help the USA economy.
According to the executive order, the Secretary of State, the Attorney General, the Secretary of Labour, and the Secretary of Homeland Security shall suggest reforms to help ensure that H-1B visas are awarded to the most-skilled or highest-paid petition beneficiaries. However, as per studies, 80 for every penny of the endorsed applications were for the two least wage levels permitted. Universities and other nonprofit or governmental research organizations are exempt from the cap on new H-1B visas, which are otherwise limited to 85,000 per year.
The Trump administration rolled out policy shifts earlier this month to begin cracking down on the H-1B visa system.
The order directs US agencies to propose rules to prevent immigration fraud and abuse in the program. India represents the most elevated pool of qualified IT experts, whose services go far in making American organizations globally competitive.
Tata Consultancy Services declined to comment on the new executive order.
"Congress should expand the number of H-1B visas offered while reforming the system to protect American workers", he was quoted by a The Hill news daily report as saying.
Will the order change the H-1B visa programme?
U.S. lawmakers have already tabled more than half a dozen legislations in the Congress with specific proposals to reform and improve the H-1B visas systems. Many of those proposals, as per industry body Nasscom, are discriminatory and are targeted towards Indian IT companies. The president stuck to his stated position Tuesday, ensuring that the federal government would do "everything in [its] power to make sure more products are stamped with those wonderful words, 'Made in the U.S.'".