Trump's plan calls for repealing and replacing President Barack Obama's health care law, cutting Medicaid, eliminating student loan subsidies and sharply slashing food stamps. The eliminated programs amount to almost $27 billion.
On Tuesday the White House releases its ideas for the remaining $3 trillion or so in federal spending, including large-scale entitlements such as Medicaid, and the early indications are that the priorities embodied in this sequel will be no more humane or rational.
"If states get fewer dollars from the federal government, there are only so many options, because states have to balance the budget every year", said Elizabeth Carpenter, a health policy expert with the consulting firm Avalare Health. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, and Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue were also testifying.
Apparently, the budget forecasts that US economic growth will rise to 3.0 percent because of the administration's policies - largely its tax cuts and perhaps also its regulatory policies.
"This budget presumes a Goldilocks economy" that never goes into recession, Sanford said.
White House budget director Mick Mulvaney denied the numbers were in error.
"If that's where you are, don't accept it". "They can do 3.5 percent to 4 percent if they get the tax cuts through ASAP". Congress will make a lot of changes - and that's normal. O'Donnell said before Kasich chimed in, laughing, "or the budget director". "It'll be very hard in the future to do that because of the role that those programs play in our future spending". "It assumes that the stars perfectly align with regard to economic drivers".
Mulvaney, however, has signaled that the Trump administration is more concerned about reducing tax burdens than preserving services for those who rely on them.
Rep. Pramila Jayapal, D-Wash., called Trump's aim to cut funding for welfare and disability assistance are "astonishing" and "immoral".
"We're not going to measure compassion by the amount of money that we spend, but by the number of people that we help", Mulvaney said. "We just don't increase it as fast as Congress wants to".
Mr Mulvaney, a former tea party congressman, is the driving force behind the Trump budget plan, winning the president's approval for big cuts to benefit programmes whose budgets are essentially on autopilot.
Meanwhile, Medicare and Medicaid fraud prevention efforts would receive a $70 million increase next year.
In addition to the widespread cuts, the budget also contains a rather large accounting mistake.
Democrats and other analysts are skeptical about the 3 percent forecast, which the administration includes in the second half of the 10-year budget window they use.
Trump's plan projects that the boost in economic growth it will engender will result in more than $2 trillion in unspecified deficit savings over the coming decade from "economic feedback", a major component in achieving the program's pledge of achieving balance by 2027.