"Now, after 12 years of research, our team has also discovered that this deficiency can be cured and miscarriages and birth defects prevented by taking a common vitamin".
"This has the potential to significantly reduce the number of miscarriages and birth defects around the world, and I do not use those words lightly".
"At the moment, the recommendation is to take a standard multivitamin, but we're all different and that will not prevent all women from having babies with birth defects", Dunwoodie told Lara Pearce at Huffington Post.
More human studies are needed before B3 supplementation could be recommended for pregnant women, but the current research suggests it may help to prevent birth defects in the offspring of families with NAD-related gene mutations.
"We believe that this breakthrough will be one of our country's greatest medical discoveries". It's extremely rare to discover the problem and provide a preventative solution at the same time'.
About one in 20,000 babies are affected and some of these babies die. The mice which were given extra B3 gave birth to healthy babies; the mice which were not miscarried or had babies born with defects.
Several years later, the researchers found a similar mutation affecting NAD production in the family of another baby born with congenital problems.
Memphis's mother Tashan said being able to prevent heart defects like her son's would be awesome.
"Most breakfast cereals have niacin added to them, it is also present in meat and whole grain cereals".
If you're pregnant, you can get a healthy dose of vitamin B3 in foods like eggs, cheese, turkey, salmon, nuts, and seeds or go the supplement route and pick up a bottle at a local drug store.
Studies from the United States have shown up to a third of women have low levels of NAD in their blood and aren't getting enough B3 vitamin in their pregnancy supplements.
"We need to identify those women at risk and identify a safe level of niacin for them to take to prevent miscarriages and birth defects".