The infringement procedure begins with sending member states concerned a "Letter of Formal Notice" and then a "Reasoned Opinion", both of which must be answered within a specified period, usually two months.
Hungary has introduced an education law that could shut the Soros-founded Central University in Budapest, which has always been seen as a hostile bastion of liberalism by Orban's right-wing government. Thus, they may dissuade people from making donations from overseas to civil society organisations in Hungary.
Following the assessment of all Hungarian replies, the Commission upholds its view that the modified law violates the freedom to provide services (Article 56 TFEU); the freedom of establishment (Article 49 TFEU); Directive 2006/123/EC on services in the internal market (Article 16); the right of academic freedom, the right to education and the freedom to conduct a business as provided by the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (Articles 13, 14, 16 respectively); as well as the Union's legal obligations under global trade law (the General Agreement on Trade in Services - GATS - in the framework of the World Trade Organisation, WTO). The Commission also took legal proceedings over Hungary's asylum law to the next step, by issuing a formal request for Budapest to comply with European Union law. Hungary replied to the Commission on 14 August. The Hungarian authorities did not reply to the reasoned opinion within the deadline. After having carefully analysed the explanations put forward by Hungary, the European Commission concluded that its serious concerns had not been addressed and so issued a reasoned opinion. Nor has Hungary, to this day, amended or repealed the contested provisions of the NGO law in compliance with European Union law.
The EU took the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland to the bloc's top court yesterday over their refusal to accept quotas for asylum-seekers, setting up a new clash between Brussels and key eastern states. €24,000) to register and label themselves in all their publications, websites and press material as "organisations supported from abroad". This data is included in a special Registry and thus becomes publicly accessible. If it fails to comply, it will also be referred to the ECJ.
- On the European Union infringements procedure.