The Russian Foreign Ministry also said that following Syrian rebels' withdrawal from eastern Ghouta, stockpiles of chemical agents were found there.
He asked U.N. Secretary General Antonio Guterres to call an open meeting of the U.N. Security Council for Friday.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel said she supported the military action.
French Minister for the Armed Forces Florence Parly said all French aircraft had returned safely from their mission.
Worldwide law has barred chemical weapons since 1925.
Syria's Foreign Ministry called on the worldwide community "to strongly condemn this aggression", warning it would "pose a threat to global peace and security as a whole", in a statement published by the state-run Syrian Arab News Agency.
Trump on Friday night announced that the three allies had launched military strikes to punish Syrian President Bashar al-Assad for alleged chemical weapons use and to prevent him from doing it again. "It was something far bigger", he said.
He noted that OPCW's report didn't contain any mention of BZ, adding that Russian Federation will ask the chemical weapons watchdog for an explanation. "Our intelligence tells us otherwise". Moscow warned against any strikes and threatened to retaliate.
The Russian Ministry of Defense said Syria's Soviet-made air defense systems shot down all 12 cruise missiles at the Dumayr air base east of Damascus.
None of the cruise missiles launched by the US and its allies entered the zone of responsibility of the Russian air defenses, including the Tartus naval base and the Hmeymim airbase in Syria, the statement read. "There were curse words", one official told the Post, "a lot of curse words". France, the United Kingdom and the United States will brief allies on actions taken in Syria, the official said.
Russian deputy Prime Minister Arkady Dvorkovich took an apparent swipe at Trump's tweets.
While a full assessment has not yet been completed, "we believe that the action was successful", she said.
"It is those who act to violate the prohibition on chemical weapons who deserve our condemnation", Haley said in conclusion.
Russian Federation on Saturday called for an emergency meeting of the United Nations Security Council as Moscow said it would consider supplying S-300 missile systems to Syria following US -led strikes.
In the near term, the military strike appeared to ramp up a searing war of words between Washington and Moscow, which regarded the action as a attack on Russian Federation itself.
President Donald Trump ordered targeted military action in the country, following an alleged chemical weapons attack that reportedly left dozens of citizens dead. The government, however, said evacuations from Douma were ongoing and no Syrian government forces had entered the town.
"We welcome this operation which has eased humanity's conscience in the face of the attack in Douma, largely suspected to have been carried out by the regime", Turkey's Foreign Ministry said in a statement.
Vasily Nebenzya, speaking at the UN Security Council meeting, said the attacks "make a catastrophic humanitarian situation even worse". "We are prepared to sustain this pressure, if the Syrian regime is foolish enough to test our will", U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley said. All responsibility for them rests with Washington, London and Paris.
"A perfectly executed strike last night".