The Secretary-General of the United Nations Antonio Guterres said at the session that the worsening situation in the Middle East is threatening worldwide peace and security.
The UN's secretary general has said the Middle East is "in chaos" and the Cold War is "back with a vengeance".
He compared this divide to others - such as the Cold War and the Palestinian-Israeli divide. He added that Washington seems determined to take military action in Syria and this is risky.
A competing draft penned by Russian Federation, which would have established the mechanism for one year as well but would have given the Security Council the responsibility to assign accountability for the use of chemical weapons in Syria, was also not adopted.
He said Syria represents the most serious threat to worldwide peace and security today and there is no military solution to the conflict.
While making the case for military action, the U.S. envoy cautioned that "you don't rush decisions like this".
Russia, which has military forces deployed in Syria in support of the government, has warned that U.S. air strikes risk starting a war.
Nebenzia said the United States' "consumeristic" approach to the UNSC and repeated "reckless conduct in encroachment of sovereign states and global law" was "unworthy" of its membership to the worldwide organisation.
"Perpetrators of such attacks must be identified and held accountable", the U.N.'s International Commission of Inquiry on Syria said in a statement issued in Geneva.
"Our president has not yet made a decision about possible action in Syria".
Meanwhile, Russia supports the position of Syria and considers that the alleged use of chemical weapons is nothing more than a setup of some Western powers trying to destabilize and discredit Damascus.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov has said a reported chemical attack in Syria was staged by foreign agents, the BBC reported.
During the meeting, Britain's permanent representative to the United Nations Karen Pierce said that Russian actions regarding Syria are "the latest in a pernicious chronology of disregard for global law" by Moscow.