Just because children are prescribed more of them as compared to adults, researchers suggest that the clinicians need to be more honest and mindful while prescribing medication especially when they are dealing with young patients. After getting through the health reports of over 13.9 million patients, the researchers came to the conclusion that children and adults who consumed antibiotics frequently are more prone towards risks of kidney stones. In such cases, a urologist may need to remove the kidney stones or break them into smaller pieces.
"For some medications, the risk was about 50 percent increase for other medication it was about a two times greater increase, so there was a lot of variation depending on the antibiotic class", said Dr. Gregory Tasian, who led the research at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.
USA pediatric researchers found that children and adults treated with certain antibiotics had a greater risk of developing kidney stones.
He says the theory is that antibiotics disrupt healthy bacteria in the intestinal or urinary tract which then leads to the formation of kidney stones. Around 30 percent of the prescribed antibiotic files are not the right medication according to Tasian.
"Whenever I get a pain in the stomach, I think, 'Oh god kidney stones again, '" she says. This can also get a solution to reduce the risks of kidney stones as well.
Dr. Tasian's findings will appear in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN).
Experts say its not surprising because children take more antibiotics than any other group. The researchers had 25,981 people with kidney stones matched for sex and age with 259,797 controls.
The team found that a total of five classes of oral antibiotics were associated with a diagnosis of kidney stone disease, all of which were taken orally including sulfas, cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, nitrofurantoin, and broad-spectrum penicillins. Antibiotics, prescribed more often in children, may play a role in this increase. In exploratory analyses, the magnitude of associations was greatest for exposure at younger ages (P 0.001) and 3-6 months before index date (P 0.001), with all but broad-spectrum penicillins remaining statistically significant 3-5 years from exposure.