The Science Behind Hawaii's Surprising 2018 Volcanic Eruption

The Science Behind Hawaii's Surprising 2018 Volcanic Eruption

The Science Behind Hawaii's Surprising 2018 Volcanic Eruption

Two new fissures erupted this weekend and prompted officials to evacuate even more residents.

Hawaii's Office of Enterprise Technology Services is tasked with the responsibility of ensuring communication between state, federal, county and city agencies are up and running as the volcano's fissures break open in unpredictable locations, Todd Nacapuy, chief information officer of Hawaii, told Government Technology late last week when the fissure count stood at 15.

The Hawaii National Guard is also preparing to evacuate hundreds of residents who are stuck in the southeast section of the island.

A new volcanic fissure opened up Monday on Hawaii's Big Island - bringing the total up to 19 - as fears continue to grow that one of the world's most active volcanos is headed toward a major eruption.

The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory also shockingly detailed that explosions on the island had launched lava "more than 100 feet into the air" as the situation on the island continues to worsen.

A separate fissure is still active after it formed on Sunday. No homes or roadways are threatened by this flow.

The new fissures over the past two days only add to the concern already building that a violent explosion may be yet to come.

According to CNN, 2,000 people have been evacuated so far, and community centers are being made available to serve shelters for families and their pets.

Almost 20 fissures have opened since the Kilauea volcano started erupting 12 days ago, and officials warn it may soon blow its top with a massive steam eruption that would shoot boulders and ash miles into the sky.

"We've got all the warning signs we need", Steve Brantley, the deputy scientist-in-charge at the HVO, said in an interview with the Honolulu Star-Advertiser.

One of the newest fissures, a 1,000-foot (300-meter) groove with smoke pouring out both ends, was sending a narrow lava flow toward the ocean two miles away, Civil Defense officials said on Monday.

The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory reported a fissure opened Saturday just east of the Puna Geothermal Venture energy conversion plant, where steam and hot liquid are brought up through underground wells and the steam feeds a turbine generator to produce electricity. Plant workers last week removed 50,000 gallons of pentane stored at the site as a precaution.

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