The charges stem from an incident on January 20, 2017, when McGowan's wallet and two bags were allegedly found by a cleaning crew on a United airliner at Dulles International Airport in Washington, D.C., according to the New York Daily News.
The Brave author has pled not guilty to the charge, claiming that she had been without the wallet for five hours before getting it back.
According to TMZ, the former "Charmed" star's attorney Jose Baez said: "Rose steadfastly maintains her innocence".
Earlier this year, McGowan claimed that disgraced producer Harvey Weinstein could have been involved in planting the drugs because of the "underhanded targeting of Ms. McGowan by the fallen mogul", stemming from her decision to speak about about her allegations that she was raped by the mogul. There is a warrant out for my arrest in Virginia.
McGowan was among the first to accuse Weinstein of sexual assault. McGowan was not present in the courtroom and will not attend her trial Tuesday, local radio station WTOP reported. Weinstein has denied all accusations.
"Imagining I'm going into sisterly solidarity, I can think of nothing more opposed to that, energetically, that I would want in my body at that moment", she said referring to the cocaine.
McGowan's attorney Jim Hundley declined to comment.
"I'm the only one who's had handcuffs on me so far in this situation", she told the publication. He couldn't immediately be reached for comment.