In view of realized and expected labor market conditions and inflation, the Committee made a decision to raise the target range for the federal funds rate to 1-3/4 to 2 percent.
The Fed move came after a two-day meeting where its members discussed the robust state of the U.S. economy and the potential impact of a trade war amid rising tension between the USA and its largest trading partners. USA companies are hiring at a rapid pace and consumer and business spending remains healthy, the Fed noted, and core inflation is finally expected to hit the central bank's target of 2 percent this year. Should the Fed's expectations prove accurate, its rate policy would then be meant to slow the economy.
The U.S. economy continues to strengthen, the Fed indicated, and it no longer needs the historically low interest rates that were put in place in the aftermath of the financial crisis to stimulate growth. The Fed expects inflation higher than 2% over the next two years, according to its latest projections.
Estimates of longer-run interest rates were unchanged and seen reaching as high as 3.4 percent in 2020 before dropping to 2.9 percent in the longer run.
Even so, raising rates too quickly could prevent vulnerable Americans and pockets of the country still struggling from reaping the benefits of a strong economy. Unemployment is already at 3.8 percent, the lowest since 2000, and the Fed believes it will fall to 3.6 percent by the end of the year, which would be the best rate since the 1960s.
Fed says economic activity rising at a solid rate, previously described growth as moderate.
The Fed's twin mandate is to bolster employment while controlling inflation, and in the current environment more rate rises appear inevitable.
Rates for conventional mortgages are likely to see more gradual change.
Powell faces a tricky balancing act as the Fed attempts to bring interest rates toward historical averages. All those countries have vowed to retaliate against any US tariffs with their own penalties against USA goods.