Federation Internationale de Football Association recorded the foul at 13 seconds, which beats the previous record held by Russia's Sergej Gorlukowitsch, who was booked inside 54 seconds in 1994 in the United States.
The curse of the World Cup winners continues. FIFA's records list first-minute cautions at games in 1950 and 1962, but do not specify the seconds.
Needing only a draw to advance, Mexico started tentatively but somehow reached the break on level terms after surviving a Swedish aerial bombardment and a VAR review when Javier Hernandez appeared to handle the ball in his penalty area. Goalkeeper Guillermo Ochoa kept Sweden off the board for 50 minutes, but Mexico conceded three goals in the span of 24 minutes to lose control of its World Cup destiny.
Mexico's Edson Alvarez had an own goal in the 74th minute.
Moreno also was shown yellow in the first half of Mexico's 1-0 victory against Germany. Alvarez's own goal occurred when he was trying to prevent Ola Toivonen from connecting with the ball, deflecting it with his arm past Ochoa.
Following the conclusion of the match, Mexico's players and support staff gathered in the middle of the pitch and after the conclusion of the Germany-South Korea match a couple of minutes later, it was confirmed that El Tri would live to play another day at Russian Federation 2018.
Mexico's best chance in the first half fell in the path Carlos Vela but the attempt from his favourite left-foot went just wide in the 16 minute.
His bending left-footer shaved the post, catapulting a few sombreros off the heads of Mexico fans as they expectantly sprang to their feet.
Sweden, with their greater physicality, were on top, but Mexico were unsafe on the break.
Sweden didn't panic despite missing early chances to score.
Knowing this situation, however unlikely it is, exists, Mexico could decide to play a more defensive unit to ensure their place in the knockout rounds.