Afghanistan will face the number one team and all eyes will be on them on how do they perform.
Afghanistan coach Phil Simmons said that putting the spotlight on Khan's talents is helping the other players focus on improving.
Ajinkya Rahane won the toss and elected to bat in what is a historic Test for Asghar Stanikzai-led Afghanistan at the M Chinnaswamy Stadium here on Thursday.
Awarded full member status by the International Cricket Council (ICC) alongside Ireland in June past year, Afghanistan became the 12th test-playing nation after first being recognised by the ICC in 2001.
The hapless bowlers struggled with the "Test match length", especially the spinners who are used to ball flat and quick.
Since gaining one day global status in 2009, the Afghans have made giant strides and qualified for their second 50-over World Cup in England and Wales next year.
"I congratulate the people of Afghanistan as their cricket team plays their first worldwide test match".
Afghanistan, who have been forced to train in India since 2015 because of the conflict at home, have just secured a T20 series sweep over Bangladesh with teen sensation Rashid Khan now an worldwide star.
Dhawan looked in sublime touch right from the start, punishing the pace duo of Yamin Ahmadzai and Wafadar for glorious boundaries before taking his SunRisers Hyderabad teammate Rashid Khan to the cleaners.
Rahane, who captained Rajasthan Royals in the IPL, said it was important now for his team's players to switch mentally from T20 mode to playing in the longest format.
"It's a good thing for the team". The team will be captained by Ajinkya Rahane in absence of regular skipper Virat Kohli. I don't think he has played too many red-ball games.
"The historic friendship and relations between India and Afghanistan go back to centuries".
"As a Test team we can not take anyone for granted because cricket is a amusing game".
"You have to give them credit".
The match between India and Afghanistan is labelled to be a historic one.