Syphilis, gonorrhea on the rise in Britain, data shows

GETTYCases of syphilis are at their highest in England for nearly 70 years

GETTYCases of syphilis are at their highest in England for nearly 70 years

Health officials now fear there could be more cases after recording 44,676 diagnoses of gonorrhoea in 2017 - a 22% increase on the previous year.

The case was linked to travel to south-east Asia, but Public Health England has reminded Global Positioning System to refer all suspected cases of gonorrhoea to specialist sexual health services (SHS).

Debbie Laycock from Terrence Higgins Trust claimed that the sexual services that are available are stretched "too thinly" and any further cuts would be unacceptable given the current rise in syphilis and gonorrhea.

"Chlamydia rates have been high for many years, but are increasing, while rates of gonorrhea and syphilis are showing recent but significant increases", Landers said.

The number of syphilis diagnoses reported in 2017 was the highest on record since 1949. "The impact of STIs can be considerable, with some causing infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease and harm to unborn babies", said Dr. Gwenda Hughes, consultant scientist and head of sexually transmitted infection section at Public Health England.

Public Health England is developing a syphilis action plan to address the increase in cases, and recently launched a sexual health campaign targeted at 16 to 24-year-olds called Protect Against STIs.

"Additionally, the first detected case of extensively drug resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae with resistance to ceftriaxone and high-level resistance to azithromycin, the two antibiotics used as front-line dual therapy, was detected in the United Kingdom in March 2018".

Later, two more similar cases were recorded in Australia which suggested that super-gonorrhoea can become a much common infection in the future.

"All three cases were associated with travel to south-east Asia".

More than 1.3 million chlamydia tests were carried out and over 126,000 chlamydia diagnoses were made among youngsters aged 15 to 24.

On the flip side, Public Health England noted a rapid decrease in the occurrence of genital warts, which is largely due to the high coverage National HPV immunization program.

On the other, there has been a reduction in number of cases of chlamydia infection by 8 percent.

Black and minority ethnic populations are also disproportionately affected by STIs.

"More work must be done to ensure people from these groups have access to the information and sexual health services they need to improve and look after their sexual health".

Dr Foster also stressed that these STIs are preventable - so it is crucial that Public Health England continues to communicate messages about sex safe, the importance of wearing a condom and getting checked out after unprotected sex.

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