Turkey's New Era: Turkish President Erdogan takes oath of office

Recep Tayyip Erdogan said Turkey was "entering a new era" as he was sworn in as the country's first executive president on Monday, giving him sweeping new powers which critics warn will lead to authoritarianism. Erdogan's re-election at the June 24 polls marked Turkey's transition to an executive presidential system of government, doing away with the prime minister's post, among other changes. No more. From Monday, it is a presidential republic under its omnipotent leader Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

"We have come not to be master but to be servant of our people", he added. He had served as the energy and natural resources minister since 2015.

Armed forces chief of staff Hulusi Akar was named defence minister.

During the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation summit, Erdoğan is expected to hold a bilateral meeting with U.S. President Donald Trump, where he is expected to discuss the recent strained ties between Ankara and Washington, particularly the U.S. partnership with PKK's Syrian affiliate, the People's Protection Units (YPG) and the extradition of Fetullah Gülen, the leader of the Gülenist Terror Group (FETÖ), who is the mastermind of the failed July 15, 2016 coup attempt in Turkey.

The cabinet was unveiled after Erdogan took the oath of office for a second term as president with enhanced powers granted in last year's narrowly-won referendum.

Turkey's decision to purchase S-400 air missile defense systems from Russian Federation will be among the issues discussed during Erdoğan's meeting with North Atlantic Treaty Organisation leaders.

"A partisan one-man regime starts officially today", said the opposition Cumhuriyet newspaper.

The new government faces immediate economic challenges. The number of ministries under the presidential system has been reduced from 26 to 16 and those dealing with economic matters halved to three.

Prime Minister Binali Yildirim now goes down in history as the 27th and final holder of the post in Turkey. Erdogan said that folk dancing and a laser show had been cancelled as a result.

Political and religious representatives from the Balkans, the Caucasus and Central Asia also attended the ceremony.

In a tweet, Maduro hailed Erdogan as a "friend of Venezuela and leader of the new multi-polar world". Ties with the United States and other North Atlantic Treaty Organisation partners also frayed, but Turkey remains crucial for any hope of stability in Syria and Iraq and curbing refugee flows to Europe. He will also attend the upcoming North Atlantic Treaty Organization summit in Brussels on July 11-12, where he will meet U.S. President Donald Trump and other leaders.

Turkey also faces a widening current account deficit making it reliant on weak foreign investment to plug the gap.

After the election victory, Erdogan removed Mehmet Simsek, previous deputy prime minister and a former Merrill Lynch banker, as well as former Finance Minister Naci Agbal.

The Turkish lira has weakened 16 percent against the dollar this year and capital has fled as Erdogan fought with his own central bank.

It allows him to appoint ministers and vice-presidents and intervene in the legal system.

The AKP failed to win a majority in legislative elections and will need support from its allies in the right-wing Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) which could push it into more hardline policies.

"Erdogan, 64, says a powerful executive presidency is vital to drive economic growth, ensure security after a failed 2016 military coup and safeguard Turkey from conflict across its southern border in Syria and Iraq".

One day ahead of the inauguration, 18,632 public sector employees were ordered dismissed, including thousands of soldiers and police officers in a new crackdown.

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