The second day was also marred by rain but the toss finally took place, which was won by Joe Root as England chose to bowl first.
By the close he had taken his 99th Test wicket at the ground, the wicket of Ishant Sharma sealing a sixth Test five-for here, and a 26th overall - just one short of Ian Botham's England record of 27.
The wicket, which left India 15-3, prompted a downpour so heavy the rest of the players sprinted off the field and overtook a crestfallen Pujara on the boundary rope.
James Anderson was on song in bowler-friendly conditions.
Kohli and his batting troops once again faltered as India were bowled out for just 107 runs.
India reached 11/2 with Cheteshwar Pujara (1 not out) and Virat Kohli (1 not out) in the middle when rain interrupted play in the seventh over of the day.
Those who have tracked Virat Kohli's captaincy tenure will know that no matter the end result of the contest, he will give you a talking point to write on before it begins, in the form of his team selections.
Ravichandran Ashwin top scored for India 29.
"We exploit those conditions as well as anyone in the world". "For me I find it so much fun when it is like that", said Anderson.
After rain meant there was no play on Thursday, Anderson struck with the fifth ball of the match when Murali Vijay, aiming legside, was undone by late outswing and bowled for a duck. We hardly bowled any bad balls, we didn't give them much to hit, and when you build pressure like that all day, no matter who you are, it is hard.
England chose to handover a Test debut to the 20-year-old Ollie Pope for the second game of the five-match series against India.
Earlier, India chose to play with two spinners in Ravichandran Ashwin and Kuldeep Yadav, whereas Cheteshwar Pujara had a horrific return to Test cricket.
England have yet to decide whether Chris Woakes, a fellow pace-bowling all-rounder, or off-spinner Moeen Ali will replace Stokes.
With the forecast set fair for Saturday, it will be the turn of England's batsmen to drive home the advantage given to them by their bowlers on a day where there were two stoppages for rain spanning more than five hours.