China's Foreign Minister, Wang Yi, criticised America for imposing tariffs on Chinese goods and for accusing Beijing of interfering in USA politics.
The supposedly autonomous Chinese territory of Hong Kong last month declined a scheduled port visit by U.S. Navy ship, and a Chinese admiral canceled a planned visit to the U.S. Just last week, China pulled out of a planned top-level defense meeting.
Pompeo's retort came after Wang accused the United States of escalating trade disputes, interfering on Taiwan and meddling in the country's domestic affairs.
The pair met for the first time in Singapore during the summer and US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has made several trips to Pyongyang since then.
Wang expressed his hope that Pompeo's Beijing visit would play a positive role in supporting healthy bilateral ties.
Before reporters were ushered from the room, Pompeo focused instead on what the two sides agreed on: the importance of denuclearising of North Korea.
South Korean President Moon Jae-in will deliver Kim's invitation when he meets Francis next week during his trip to Europe, Blue House spokesman Kim Eui-kyeom told a news briefing.
From the moment Secretary of State Michael Pompeo arrived in Pyongyang Sunday, North Korean officials made clear who was in control and how little space the top USA diplomat would have setting the terms of the discussion that would follow. On that occasion, he did not meet with Kim. "But if you look at the approach, we are in lockstep with each of those two countries in terms of how we approach achieving the results that everyone is aimed at".
In Seoul, Pompeo said Kim is expected soon to name Deputy Foreign Minister Choe Son Hui as a counterpart for his new special envoy for North Korea, former Ford executive Stephen Biegun, who accompanied him on the trip.
The Secretary of State added that South Korea has been an integral part of negotiations aimed at denuclearising North Korea, and he passed along Mr Trump's gratitude for the country's efforts. The visit was the latest indication of deteriorating ties between the USA and China, as the two sides tussle over everything from trade to Taiwan and the South China Sea.
Pompeo said there are many issues on which Washington and Beijing disagree but it is important that both sides listen to each other.
But Kim Il Sung, the North's late founding leader and the current ruler's grandfather, viewed Christianity as a threat to his authoritarian rule and eradicated it through executions and labour camps.
Pompeo's meeting in Beijing was the last stop of his Asia trip, meant to revitalise the stalled denuclearisation negotiations with Pyongyang, in particular, amid concerns that worsening Sino-US relations could undermine their cooperation on North Korea.
"I would certainly expect so", the official said.
Yang said China and the US must expand political cooperation to achieve mutual aims.