During the first one hundred years of NOAA registration (from 1880 to 1980) a new average temperature record was established every 13 years. "The trend is going relentlessly up, and it will continue to do so", Potsdam Institute climate scientist Stefan Rahmstorf said in an e-mail.
The string of hotter-than-average annual temperatures continued in 2018, as Earth experienced its fourth-hottest year on record, according to NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. 2018 proved that by setting the record as the Earth's fourth highest surface temperature in the nearly 140 years of recording these metrics. Nine of the 10 warmest years on record have all occurred since 2005.
NASA registers 2018 "global temperatures" at 1.5 degrees F (0.83 degrees C) warmer than their average, while NOAA recorded "global land and ocean surfaces" 1.42 degrees F (0.79 degrees C) above the 20th century average. Previous year saw a pair of devastating hurricanes hit the eastern USA, while record wildfires ravaged California. Deathly record lows are real in the United States of America, but don't be fooled by the cooling that we have been witnessing, global warming is real also.
"The impacts of long-term global warming are already being felt - in coastal flooding, heatwaves, intense precipitation and ecosystem change", NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies Director Gavin Schmidt detailed in the agency's release. This, according to scientists, is a result of the continuing warming trend caused by the excess emission of greenhouse gasses into the atmosphere.
Nasa's data was compiled by 6,300 weather stations around the world and was compared against information stretching back to 1880.
I'd like to get more stories like this. Record levels of man-made greenhouse gas emissions, mainly from burning fossil fuels, trap ever more heat. This year has started with mild El Nino conditions, "which suggests 2019 will be warmer than 2018 but that's more a rule of thumb than a firm prediction", Schmidt said.
WMO also released a report on Wednesday that the globally averaged temperature in 2018 was about 0.38 degrees Celsius above the 1981 to 2010 long-term average.
That temperature was topped only in 2016, 2017, and 2015. Scientists warn that if we're to avoid the worst affects of climate change, we cannot allow the temperature to rise more than 2 degrees compared to pre-industrial levels.
"Despite the recent cold snap across the Midwest and East Coast, the planet is still heating up, and the warming is unprecedented".