Frank Robinson, key to Orioles’ 1st World Series title, dies at 83

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In 1966, the year after he was traded to the American League's Baltimore Orioles, a team he led to a World Series victory while winning the Triple Crown and the Most Valuable Player awards.

Robinson retired from playing after the 1976 season, but his managerial career was just beginning.

More than half the major league teams have had black managers since his debut with Cleveland.

"With the Cleveland Indians in 1975, Frank turned Jackie Robinson's hopes into a reality when he became the first African-American manager in baseball history".

Fourth on the career home run list behind only Hank Aaron, Babe Ruth, and Willie Mays when he retired with 586 dingers, Robinson now ranks 10th on the list. In his first at-bat as their player-manager, he hit a home run.

Baseball Hall of Famer Frank Robinson throws out the first pitch before the Atlanta Braves play the Washington Nationals at Nationals Park on May 9, 2015 in Washington, DC.

Robinson was the NL MVP with Cincinnati in 1961 and Baltimore in 1966.

Robinson also was a prolific hitter during his time as a player.

The Orioles swept the heavily favored Los Angeles Dodgers in four games to win the 1966 World Series. "On behalf of Major League Baseball, I send my deepest condolences to Frank's wife Barbara, daughter Nichelle, their entire family and the countless fans who admired this great figure of our National Pastime". He represented four franchises as a manager, most recently when Baseball returned to Washington, DC with the Nationals in 2005.

Robinson later spent several years working as an executive for Major League Baseball and for a time oversaw the annual Civil Rights Game.

Born in Beaumont, Texas, Robinson was raised in west Oakland where he attended McClymonds High School along with future NBA Hall of Famer Bill Russell. He was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame as a Baltimore Oriole in 1982. In 2005, President George W. Bush honored Robinson with the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

Robinson was the only player to hit a ball completely out of old Memorial Stadium in Baltimore and once connected for grand slams in consecutive innings of a game.

"Frank Robinson might have been the best I ever saw at turning his anger into runs".

"I'll tell you what about that team", Robinson told Eisenberg. He won National League Rookie of the Year in 1956, hitting.290 with 38 home runs at age 20 for the Reds. In return, Cincinnati received pitcher Milt Pappas and two other players - none of whom came close to the stature of Robinson.

The Orioles confirmed Robinson's passing Thursday afternoon.

Robinson was named the AL Manager of the Year with the Orioles in 1989 - the same year he took part in history by coaching against the Blue Jays' Cito Gaston in the first games featuring two black managers.

Robinson was 1,065-1,176 over his 16 years as a manager, and though he never made the playoffs, he also mentored Dusty Baker and Joe Morgan, who would follow in his footsteps.

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