This time, Manning faces a fine of $500 a day if she continues to refuse cooperation after 30 days in jail.
According to her attorneys, the piling on of a coercive financial penalty is highly unusual, typically reserved for compelling testimony from representatives of corporations, not individuals.
Manning told Judge Anthony Trenga there would be no compliance with the subpoena. A federal appeals court rejected her argument for release - that her rights were violated by the subpoena proceedings and the federal prosecutors purportedly seeking to entrap her - in April.
In a statement at the time she was taken into custody, Manning said she "will not participate in a secret process that I morally object to, particularly one that has been historically used to entrap and persecute activists for protected political speech". She has not faced the reality of being incarcerated for up to 18 months.
"The case doesn't make sense, it's very bananas", she said. The U.S. government has requested he be extradited by the U.K. He's now serving a 50-week sentence in jail there for jumping bail in 2012.
"Attempting to coerce me with a grand jury subpoena is not going to work".
A spokesperson for Manning told Reuters earlier that she would argue that the grand jury is only used for investigations and that it is improper to call Manning in order to prepare for trial.
The former Army Specialist is being persecuted by the Trump administration for the role she played in exposing U.S. war crimes in Iraq and Afghanistan by leaking secret and sensitive documents to WikiLeaks in 2010.
Manning, 31, previously spent seven years in military prison for leaking thousands of sensitive and classified documents to WikiLeaks. President Obama commuted the remainder of her 35-year sentence just days before handing the White House over to President Trump. However, Obama refused to grant a full pardon, which would have cleared Manning's criminal record. There is nothing new. They didn't like the outcome. "I got out so this is a way of placing me back into confinement".
Manning's attorney, Moira Meltzer-Cohen, addressed the media after Manning was returned to jail, expressing her disappointment and reiterating that her client would not betray her convictions by testifying. "It is telling that the United States has always been more concerned with the disclosure of those [leaked] documents than with their damning substance", she told reporters.