Going forward, information from L-CIRiS and other lunar survey projects will help NASA plan its future crewed missions to the Moon and perhaps even offer insights that will help prepare NASA for trips to other planets as well.
"Collecting better data on the surface of the moon will be crucial step in understanding not just how this body evolved but also in paving the way for the return of American astronauts", said Daniel Baker, director of LASP.
SSERVI will be offering support to the newly selected teams for five years at a total of about $10.5 million per year which is funded by NASA's Science and Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorates.
The first is the MoonRanger, a small and fast rover that can travel well beyond its communication's range with the lander and still be able to come back. It will look for resources on the Moon and test the technology that is required to process the resources. It will map the surface of the Moon. There are a few looking at charged particles and radiation on the lunar surface, in order to better understand the lunar environment.
The Regolith Adherence Characterization (RAC) Payload will determine how lunar regolith sticks to a range of materials exposed to the Moon's environment at different phases of flight. The investigation will make use of a flight-spare magnetometer, a device that measures magnetic fields, originally made for the MAVEN spacecraft, which is now orbiting Mars.
The Lunar Surface Electromagnetics Experiment (LuSEE) will use hardware from the Parker Solar Probe FIELDS experiment, the STEREO/Waves instrument, and the MAVEN mission to make comprehensive measurements of electromagnetic phenomena on the surface of the Moon.
Heimdall is a flexible camera system for conducting lunar science on commercial vehicles.
The Lunar Instrumentation for Subsurface Thermal Exploration with Rapidity (LISTER) is an instrument created to measure heat flow from the interior of the Moon. They range from moon rovers to radiation-tolerant computing technology, from x-ray imagers to sample acquisition technology.
The first Moon landing and the safe return of the astronauts would not be possible without the Apollo 11 Lunar Module Timeline Book. The level of exploration autonomy the rover enables is essential for exploring lunar pits, characterizing ice, investigating magnetic swirls, and deploying future mobile instruments on the lunar surface.