Asia sees first regional recession in 60 years

Most Asian economies are heading for contraction

Asian economies to contract in 2020 for first time since 60s: ADB

India's economic growth will contract by 9 per cent in the current fiscal as the coronavirus pandemic weighs heavily on economic activity and consumer sentiment in the country, according to ADB. Earlier it has projected growth of 4 per cent during the fiscal. India's current account deficit is forecast to shrink to 0.3 percent of GDP this fiscal year, then widen to 0.6 percent of GDP in FY2021 with exports expected to recover as global growth rebounds.

2020 Update, ADB forecast a strong recovery for the economy in FY2021, with GDP to grow by 8.0 percent as mobility and business activities resume more widely.

ADB has provided an initial assistance of United States dollars 600 million in loans and USD 4.4 million in grants for managing socio-economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and supporting quick recovery.

The ADB's previous projection in June had actually tipped developing Asian nations to grow by approximately 0.1 percent this year, prior to rebounding to 6.2 percent development in 2021. This will still leave next year's output below pre-COVID-19 projections, suggesting an L-shaped rather than a V-shaped recovery.

Developing Asia - stretching from the Cook Islands in the Pacific to Kazakhstan in Central Asia - is expected to contract in 2020 for the first time in almost six decades, throwing tens of millions of people into poverty, the Philippines-based lender said.

Policies focused on protecting lives and livelihoods, and ensuring a safe return to work and restart of businesses, are crucial to ensuring a sustained recovery for the region, he said. To mitigate the chance, governments within the area have delivered wide-ranging coverage responses together with coverage assist packages - primarily earnings assist - amounting to three.6 trillion or equal to about 15 per cent of regional GDP.

Subregions of developing Asia are expected to post negative growth this year, except East Asia which is forecast to expand by 1.3% and recover strongly to 7.0% in 2021. Forecasts recommend that nearly all of creating Asia will recuperate subsequent 12 months, aside from some economies within the Pacific.

China, where the virus first emerged late past year before developing into a pandemic that has infected more than 29 million people worldwide, is one of the few economies in the region to expand.

Some economies closely reliant on commerce and tourism, notably within the Pacific and South Asia face double-digit contractions this 12 months.

The inflation forecast for developing Asia is revised downwards to 2.9 per cent this year from 3.2 per cent forecast in April due to continued low oil prices and weak demand. Inflation for 2021 is expected to ease further to 2.3 per cent.

A woman in India reacts as a health worker takes a swab sample to be tested for Covid-19. The chapter explains that wellness can be an engine of inclusive economic growth if the region leverages its rich wellness traditions, and appropriate policies are promoted by governments.

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