Traditionally, bills need 60 votes to pass in the Senate, but a budget reconciliation bill is a special procedure that only needs 51 votes. Vice President Kamala Harris is the tie-breaker.
In an echo of failed legislative pushes in 2007 and 2013, familiar lines of division have formed with overheated rhetoric. Pat Toomey, R-Pa., was absent from the vote.
McConnell said Republicans attempted to reach across the aisle Monday when a group of 10 senators met with Biden to propose their almost $620 billion bill.
U.S. President Joe Biden makes brief remarks before signing several immigration-related executive orders at the White House on February 2, 2021, in Washington.
Biden and the Democrats favor a plan that includes $1,400 stimulus checks to most Americans, extended unemployment with a $400 dollar supplement, $130 billion for school reopening, and $350 billion for state and local budget relief. But gone are Democratic priorities such as a gradual lifting of the federal minimum wage to $15 an hour.
President Joe Biden said he's open to refining key elements of his almost $2 trillion coronavirus package during a call with House Democrats on Wednesday, but stressed the urgency of delivering the massive relief bill quickly to the pandemic-stricken nation.
"The leadership of both parties have finalized the organizing resolution for the Senate", Schumer, D-N.Y., said.
Bernstein on Monday said Biden was happy to discuss the bill with Republicans but would "not settle for any package that fails to meet this moment with the magnitude to finally knock COVID back on its feet, get it behind us, and launch a robust and inclusive and a racially equitable recovery".
Biden continued to maintain that Trump issued executive orders that were "very counterproductive to our security, counterproductive to our country" as he signed the orders at the White House, saying his efforts seek to "re-establish our reputation as being a haven for people in need".
"The risk here, as [President Biden] said many times, is not going too big, it is going too small". Biden said he told the Republicans their offer was way too small, Schumer said.
The cornerstone of the GOP plan is $160 billion for the health care response vaccine distribution, a massive expansion of testing, protective gear and funds for rural hospitals, similar to what Biden has proposed. "He reemphasized that he believes things should be done in a bipartisan way".
Top Republican lawmakers are blasting Democrats for casting them aside to pass their own coronavirus bill.
"We kept trying to emphasize to (Biden) that if we go with the more targeted approach where we can get bipartisan ideas in, we can do this a lot quicker because we've done five of them in the past", she added. Tom Carper, D-Del., left, listens as Sen.
"The President remains hopeful that we can have bipartisan support moving forward", he said in a statement. "We are hopeful that Republicans will work in a bipartisan manner to support assistance for their communities, but the American people can not afford any more delays and the Congress must act to prevent more needless suffering".