India also condemned rocket fire from Gaza, Tirumurti tweeted. "The cost of war in Gaza is devastating & is being paid by ordinary people".
"Israel has gone insane", said a man on a Gaza street, where people ran out of their homes as explosions rocked buildings.
Police arrested dozens of people overnight in Lod and in majority-Arab towns in central and northern Israel, including Umm a Fahm along the West Bank border and Jisr aZarqa on the Mediterranean coast.
Six people in Israel, including the soldier, were killed by rocket fire since Tuesday, while 45 others have been injured.
In what is being touted as the worst violence in years between Israel and Palestine, dozens have already died and hundreds have been injured with the conflict not showing any signs of easing.
Sen. Bill Hagerty, R-Tenn., demanded the Biden administration "strongly condemn Hamas", the Palestinian terror group that launched rockets at Jerusalem as the city was celebrating Jerusalem Day on Monday.
Since the flare-up escalated on Monday, Gaza militants have fired more than 1000 rockets into Israel. It was the first call between the two defense chiefs since the escalation broke out.
Local media said 1,500 missiles have been fired from Gaza towards Israel so far this week.
Gaza has no air defence system and few bomb shelters to offer the Palestinian people protection.
The prime minister also alluded to an incident on Wednesday in which video footage showed a group of Jewish nationalists dragging a man who they believed to be Arab out of his auto and beating him in the central city of Bat Yam.
Britain's Boris Johnson led global leaders in calling for the two sides to step back from the brink yesterday, but a UN Security Council meeting failed to agree on a on a joint statement due to opposition from the United States, Israel's key ally, diplomats said. Civilians were warned to evacuate before the strikes, the Israeli military said on Wednesday. Hamas, the party ruling the besieged Gaza strip, sent Israel a warning that it would retaliate if Israeli forces did not leave Al Aqsa compound by 6 pm earlier this week.
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu declared a state of emergency in Lod, near Tel Aviv, after reports emerged on Tuesday of Jews stoning a auto that was being driven by an Arab resident and of Arabs allegedly setting fire to a synagogue.
A senior Hamas commander was among those killed in the strikes thus far.
In private, they have urged him to exert more pressure on Israel's government over settlement activity they believe are making the prospects for an agreement with the Palestinians virtually impossible.
But there are key differences. And looming in the background is an worldwide war crimes investigation.
With world powers demanding de-escalation of a conflict beginning to recall the Gaza war of 2014, Washington planned to send an envoy, Hady Amr, for talks with Israel and Palestinians. The evening, followed by the Eid al-Fitr holiday, is usually a time of vibrant night life, shopping and crowded restaurants.