The Chinese responded by saying that the United States is inciting other nations to attack their country.
Adding to tensions, China on Friday tried a Canadian citizen on espionage charges, in a case embroiled in a wider diplomatic spat between Washington and Beijing.
The secretary of state called out China for human rights abuses and defended America's record.
The United States and China on Friday signaled no major breakthrough in their strained bilateral relationship following their first high-level in-person meeting since U.S. President Joe Biden took office in January. "That's why they're not merely internal matters, and why we feel an obligation to raise these issues here today".
However, Beijing kept its firm position of not allowing concessions on those issues regarding sovereignty, territorial integrity, security and development interesses.
The top diplomat's comments elicited a blistering critique from Yang, who laid out his own grievances against the U.S., including its difficulties in overcoming its human rights record at home and what he called Blinken's "condescension".
He said that China believes that it is important for the U.S. to change its own image and to stop advancing its own democracy in the rest of the world.
"The alternative to a rules-based order is a world in which might makes right and winners take all, and that would be a far more violent and unstable world for all of us", he said. -China diplomatic talks in Anchorage, Alaska.
Speaking on the current China-U.S. relations, he said that China and the United States are two great societies, with a different culture and a different history, so they, of necessity, sometimes have a different view of practice.
Yang said human rights challenges in the United States are "deap-seated", and "did not just emerge over the past four years, such as Black Lives Matter".
The Chinese diplomat's comments lasted for roughly 15 minutes, according to the Associated Press, and the State Department accused the Chinese delegation of violating the format for the talks by breaking the two-minute time limit for opening statements.
After Yang's lengthy remarks, Blinken urged reporters to stay in the room so he could offer a response. "We'll continue to work with China going forward", Sullivan said.
According to the Chinese delegation, the previous U.S. administration led by President Donald Trump carried out a mistaken anti-Chinese policy that had a negative impact on bilateral relations. "It was not the original intention of the Chinese side", Zhao told reporters in Beijing.
The meeting underscored the intensifying rivalry between the United States and China, which the Biden administration has singled out as the only competitor potentially capable of combining its economic, diplomatic, military and technological power to mount a sustained challenge to a stable and open global system. But the new president's overall tone toward Beijing, while still tough, is less belligerent than his predecessor's.
On the eve of the talks, the U.S. issued a flurry of actions directed at China, including a move to begin revoking Chinese telecoms licences, subpoenas to multiple Chinese information technology companies over national security concerns, and updated sanctions on China over a rollback of democracy in Hong Kong. -China relations at the highest levels of the Chinese government. "This is not supposed to be the way one should welcome his guests", said Wang Yi, the Chinese foreign minister.